Political Science

These papers are based on the government and politics in Japan and China and how they grew over the centuries.

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Social Changes in post-Mao China

The growth of the civic organizations coming from participation defined, guided, controlled, and regulated by the party-state. The state is permitting new semi-official organizations to register and develop. Still, their political influence in the Chinese government is controlled and regulated. Both the “administrative society” and “administrative state” have remained unchanged in the party-state system, despite … Continue reading Social Changes in post-Mao China

Japanese Students

One of the main reasons that Japanese students work so hard is the expectations set by their parents and the school system. Particularly the mothers of Japanese children want to ensure the admission to a better kindergarten which will lay the path to future success later on. Admission demands of these kindergarten schools are so … Continue reading Japanese Students

Meiji Restoration

Widespread discontent in the imperial court over the continuing deteriorating condition of the political system in Japan and the questioning of the integrity and legitimacy of the shogunate led to an effort to bring about political change in the Japanese society. Feudal connections were weakened by economic changes and the infiltration of Westerners into Japan … Continue reading Meiji Restoration

China’s Socialist Market Economy

In the current Chinese market, the socialist market economy refers to the practices of the government to maintain the market while still incorporating aspects of a socialist government. In this market, the use of both socialism and capitalism are incorporated, but not to the extent of a capitalistic ownership of the market. Resources are allocated and … Continue reading China’s Socialist Market Economy

The Changing Hukou System

The hukou system, or household registration system, and the Danwei (work unit) were put into place in China as a means of social control. This system required that every household, no matter how remote, was to register officially with local police stations. Registered households were then issued a booklet of residence, which was used to … Continue reading The Changing Hukou System

Origin of Chinese Communism

In the mid-nineteenth century, China faced invasion and colonization from the powers in the West. Early wars in China, over opium trading, forced the country to sign treaties with the British Empire allowing the establishment of British ports and extradition of silver out of China. The second war, established more ports and British control of … Continue reading Origin of Chinese Communism

Shaping of China

Since the originating of the Chinese civilization in the Yellow River valley, geographical conditions have helped to shape the development of the civilization. Due to the restrictive region of a flooding river and mountainous terrains surrounding the valley, only a small portion of land was fertile enough to grow crops to maintain a growing population. … Continue reading Shaping of China